免疫性血小板減少症

容易出現久而不退的瘀青紫斑,可能是患上免疫性血小板減少症的警號。免疫性血小板減少症(英文為Immune Thrombocytopenia,簡稱ITP),是一種因血小板低下而引致的疾病。究竟還有什麽徵狀顯示患上免疫性血小板減少症?如何檢查、治療和日常護理免疫性血小板減少症?

急性ITP7 

常發生於

2歲至5歲的兒童

慢性ITP8,9 

常發生在

20歲至40歲的女性

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其他相關免疫性血小板減少症

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    相關參考

    • [1]. Rodeghiero, F., Stasi, R., Gernsheimer, T., Michel, M., Provan, D., Arnold, D. M., ... George, J. N. (2009). Standardization of terminology, definitions and outcome criteria in immune thrombocytopenic purpura of adults and children: report from an international working group. Blood,113(11): 2386-2393.
    • [2]. WebMD. (2018, September 27). Thrombocytopenia and ITP. Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/thrombocytopenia-symptoms-causes-treatments#1-1
    • [3]. MayoClinic. (2017, August 9). Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura/symptoms-causes/syc-20352325
    • [4]. Donahue, M. (2018, February 15). Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP). Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-itp
    • [5]. Lambert, M. P., & Gernsheimer, T. B. (2017). Clinical updates in adult immune thrombocytopenia. Blood, 129(21): 2829-2835.
    • [6]. McCRAE, K. (2011). Immune thrombocytopenia: No longer “idiopathic.” Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, 78(6), 358–373. http://doi.org/10.3949/ccjm.78gr.10005
    • [7]. Nugent DJ. Childhood immune thrombocytopenic purpura. Blood Reviews. 2002;16:27-29.
    • [8]. Provan D. & Newland AC. Current Management of Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia. Adv Ther. 2015;32:875-887.
    • [9]. Grimaldi-Bensouda L, Nordon C, Michel M, et al. Immune thrombocytopenia in adults: a prospective cohort study of clinical features and predictors of outcome. Haematologica. 2016;101(9):1039-1045.
    • [10]. Zufferey A, Kapur R, Semple JW. Pathogenesis and Therapeutic Mechanisms in Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP). Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2017;6(16):1-21.
    • [11]. The Ohio State University Medical Centre. Preventing Bleeding When You Have a Low Platelet Count – Patient Education. 2018
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